Civilian Harm

  • Beyond the Battlefield. Towards a Better Assessment of the Human Costs of Armed Conflict

    E. Alda and C. Mc Envoy  
    Small Arms Survey

    This Briefing Paper makes a case for stepping up efforts to measure and understand the entire range of conflict-related deaths. The paper argues that the current understanding of—and measurement approaches to—conflict-related deaths should be broadened to include more comprehensive mortality figures from conflict zones, particularly among forcibly displaced populations. The paper also discusses the importance of developing more nuanced, context-specific methods for estimating the relationship between direct and indirect conflict deaths.


  • The Strategic Costs of Civilian Harm. Applying Lessons from Afghanistan to Current and Future Conflicts

    C.D. Kolenda, R. Reid, C. Rogers and M. Retzius  
    Open Society Foundations

    This report examines how the U.S. military learned from its early mistakes in Afghanistan and applied lessons to mitigate civilian harm.


  • Minimizing Civilian Harm in Populated Areas: Lessons from Examining ISAF and AMISOM Policies

    Sahr Muhammedally  
    International Review of the Red Cross

    Both the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) have recognized the importance of reducing civilian harm, and adopted policies and practices that restrict the use of certain weapons in populated areas. This  article examines both ISAF and AMISOM policies and practices to reduce civilian harm in populated areas and explores how these policies strengthened adherence to international humanitarian law and illustrated new ways in which armed actors can take feasible precautions and prioritize civilian protection.


  • Afghanistan. Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict. Annual Report 2017

    UNAMA Human Rights Service  

    The UNAMA Human Rights Service prepared this report pursuant to the UNAMA mandate under United Nations Security Council Resolution 2344 (2017) “to monitor the situation of civilians, to coordinate efforts to ensure their protection, to monitor places of detention, to promote accountability, and to assist in the full implementation of the fundamental freedoms and human rights provisions of the Afghan Constitution and international treaties to which Afghanistan is a State party, in particular those regarding the full enjoyment by women of their human rights.” The report covers the period from 1 January to 31 December 2017.


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