Robin Lloyd/ECHO (2014)

Book: ‘On Civilian Harm’

What negative effects of the use of force do civilians experience in conflict beyond the direct, physical impacts? And how can we reduce both immediate and long-term suffering in future missions? We address these and other questions in our book ‘On Civilian Harm.’


Comprehensive book on the realities of civilian harm

In our work at PAX, we have identified three problems in how civilian harm by violent conflict is discussed. First, we need to overcome the outdated notion that war is too chaotic to really understand what is happening on the ground. Second, as a community of practice, we often fail to use clear and consistent language when talking about civilian harm. And finally, we noticed that public and professional attention is overwhelmingly focused on only a single, visible part of civilian harm – ‘the wounded and the dead’ – obscuring other negative effects that remain long after the fighting has stopped.

In ‘On Civilian Harm,’ we explore the ways in which civilians are negatively affected by violent conflict, offer tools and language to discuss the phenomenon, make practical recommendations for civilian harm mitigation and raise questions for further debate.

The entire book or its individual chapters are available for download below.

Robin Lloyd/ECHO (2014)

Video book launch, June 17, 2021



Introduction video



Read the full book


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HSS South Sudan Dashboard
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Episode #4: Afghanistan: A Legacy of Harm
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Aftermovie PAX Protection of Civilians Conference 2021
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Opening Conference Day 1 ‘International Support to security actors’ – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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A critical connection: Resilience and PoC – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Connecting realities to champion Protection of Civilians – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Opening Day 3 ‘The role for PoC champions in the future of warfare’ – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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ممارسة المسؤولية الحسابية: امثلة من قوات المساعدة الدولية لارساء الامن في افغانستان والقيادة العسكرية الامريكية في افريقيا - PAX PoC Conference 2021
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المسؤولية الحسابية وافغانستان: ماذا الان؟ - PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Accountability and Afghanistan: What Now? – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Accountability in practice: Examples from ISAF and AFRICOM – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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انتظار المسؤولية الحسابية: ستة سنوات بعد الحويجة - PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Waiting for accountability: 6 years after Hawija – PAX Protection of Civilians Conference 2021
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الحويجة كما اخبرنا ساكنوها - PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Hawija as told by residents (with the Mayor of Hawija) – PAX PoC Conference 2021
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Law enforcement gap in South Sudan – PAX PoC Conference 2021