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Case 6 “On Civilian Harm: Explosive remnants of war

Conflicts in the previous century have left Cambodia riddled with unexploded ordnances, landmines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW). The chapter highlights an oft-forgotten cause of post-conflict, long-term harm to civilians. The negative effects of ERW go beyond physical harm: The disabilities caused by ERW often lead to a struggle for livelihoods and to social stigma. The chapter "Explosive remnants of war: A long-term legacy (Cambodia, 1960s-present)" represents an urgent call to take into account the long-term harm of explosives, and to remain mindful of the need to address problems caused by ERW.

In ‘On Civilian Harm’, we explore the ways in which civilians are negatively affected by violent conflict, offer tools and language to discuss the phenomenon, make practical recommendations for civilian harm mitigation and raise questions for further debate. The book contains in-depth analysises of 13 particular events in which harm to civilians occurred as a consequence of use of armed violence. Taken together, they contribute to an increased understanding of the variety and complexity of civilian harm at a conceptual level, bringing out common traits and patterns on civilian harm in violent conflict.

About this report

Date of publication:

Jun 10, 2021


Saba Azeem (PAX)


PAX Protection of Civilians

More about the book 'On Civilian Harm'
Case 6 “On Civilian Harm: Explosive remnants of war

Jun 10, 2021, Saba Azeem (PAX)

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