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On Civilian Harm

In ‘On Civilian Harm,’ we explore the ways in which civilians are negatively affected by violent conflict, offer tools and language to discuss the phenomenon, make practical recommendations for civilian harm mitigation and raise questions for further debate.

Armed conflict and violence adversely affect civilians. Whether civilians are the primary target of the use of violence, are caught in the crossfire, or have to rebuild and make a living in war-torn societies, they are always at risk of becoming victims during conflict, and may continue to struggle with its aftermath long after active fighting has ended. This book tells their story. More precisely, the book is about actors who do harm, key factors that contribute to either causing or mitigating harm, civilians who are harmed, and how to find a way out of this destructive cycle. This publication regards specific situations of violent conflict and seeks to provide a detailed examination of the myriad of ways in which the use of violence negatively affects civilians. This is a vital object of study and one that requires continuous scrutiny as military technologies and modes of warfare change, and in parallel so do our abilities to comprehensively track, map and investigate the impact of fighting on people and their environment.

About this report

Date of publication:

Jun 10, 2021


Editors: Erin Bijl, Welmoet Wels, Wilbert van der Zeijden

Authors: Saba Azeem, Erin Bijl, Daniel Gómez, Koen Kluessien, Welmoet Wels, Wilbert van der Zeijden


PAX Protection of Civilians

More about the book 'On Civilian Harm'
On Civilian Harm

Jun 10, 2021, Editors: Erin Bijl, Welmoet Wels, Wilbert van der Zeijden

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