• First Quarterly Report on Besieged Areas in Syria

    February 2016

    February 10, 2016

    In January 2016, the world was horrified to learn of the plight of nearly 40,000 starving residents of the besieged town of Madaya, but Madaya is just the tip of the iceberg. Siege Watch, a joint initiative of The Syria Institute and PAX, has found that over a million people live under siege in Syria, and the Syrian government is responsible for the majority of the sieges. Starvation of civilians is not an uncontrollable collateral effect of the conflict in Syria, but a deliberate decision that violates international humanitarian law. It therefore requires a political response and those responsible must be held accountable.

  • Scenarios for South Sudan in 2020

    Peace: the Only Thing Worth Fighting for

    January 19, 2016

    The scenarios described in this report are intended to give a picture of how South Sudan might look in 2020. They show that if the parties stick to the 2015 peace agreement and implement, consolidate and deepen the peace process, slowly South Sudan may be on the road towards a positive future. However, if the 2015 peace agreement does not hold and the peace process is not opened-up, the future is far less hopeful and entails horrible devastation and/or repression. This report is published in cooperation with Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

  • Amidst the Debris…

    A desktop study by PAX, on the environmental and public health impact of Syria’s conflict

    November 9, 2015

    Four years of war in Syria has caused one of the biggest refugee crises in history. About six million Syrians are displaced within Syria, three million have left the country. The intense fighting has damaged many residential and industrial areas in the towns and cities of Syria and civilians living in these areas face a range of threats. Some of these threats come from environmental pollution generated or exacerbated by the conflict. Rubble, wastes, pollution from damaged industry and munitions residues may all present immediate and long-term threats to civilians and their environment.

  • The Catch 22 of Security and Civilian Disarmament

    Community perspectives on civilian disarmament in Jonglei State

    December 16, 2013

    This report presents the findings of a disarmament monitoring scheme that was conducted by the South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms (SSANSA) in Jonglei State, from the beginning of the campaign in March 2012 to July 2013. The purpose of the monitoring was to document the processes leading to the surrender of weapons by civilians; the nature of arms collection; ascertain the perceptions of communities on security implications of the disarmament exercise – and use these insights to provide recommendations for a policy move towards conducting ‘pro-people’ civilian disarmament campaign in the state and perhaps elsewhere in South Sudan.

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