Publications

  • Human Security Survey outcomes 2017: Basra

    October 28, 2017

    By expanding the voice and agency of civilians on the protection issues that affect them every day, security policies and how they are implemented will be more reflective of and responsive to local needs, priorities, and capacities. In order to achieve this, the Human Security Survey developed by PAX, generates both data and dialogue. This placemat reflects the outcomes of large-scale quantitative research about the nature of security threats facing civilians, and the impact this has on their daily lives and their expectations for the future in Basra, Iraq.


  • PoC Scenario Exercise

    October 21, 2017

    As part of its Strategic Partnership (2016-20) with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, PAX helped organize a training on the Protection of Civilians in Rwanda, at the Rwanda Peace Academy (RPA) based in Musanze. The training was attended by military, police and civilian staff from 14 African nations that contribute to peacekeeping missions on the African continent.


  • Conference Report Protection of Civilians: Shared Goals Different Visions? 4 October '17

    October 20, 2017

    On 4 and 5 October 2017 the Protection of Civilians Department of PAX organized the conference ‘’Protection of Civilians. Shared Goals, Different Visions?’’. The conference brought together experts with experience in MINUSMA, MONUSCO and UNMISS, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands Ministry of Defence, Forsvarets Forsknings Institutt (FFI), the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC) and PAX to discuss current challenges in protection of civililians and to find pathways and opportunities to improving PoC in practice. The event was initiated by the Protection of Civilians department of PAX as part of its Strategic Partnership with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


  • Conference Report Protection of Civilians: Shared Goals, Different Visions? 5 October '17

    October 20, 2017

    On 4 and 5 October 2017 the Protection of Civilians Department of PAX organized the conference ‘’Protection of Civilians. Shared Goals, Different Visions?’’. The conference brought together experts with experience in MINUSMA, MONUSCO and UNMISS, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands Ministry of Defence, Forsvarets Forsknings Institutt (FFI), the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC) and PAX to discuss current challenges in protection of civililians and to find pathways and opportunities to improving PoC in practice. The event was initiated by the Protection of Civilians department of PAX as part of its Strategic Partnership with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


  • No Return to Homs

    A case study on demographic engineering in Syria

    October 13, 2017

    The report 'No Return to Homs' documents the government of Bashar al-Assad's strategy of besieging, starving, killing and transferring people from various cities and neighbourhoods in Syria. The report focuses on Homs, the first major urban centre in Syria to succumb to this siege and destroy strategy. But the same was done most recently to Aleppo, and before that to Darayya. Two other places under siege, Madaya and Douma, may suffer a similar fate.


  • Human Security Survey outcomes 2017: Kirkuk

    October 10, 2017

    By expanding the voice and agency of civilians on the protection issues that affect them every day, security policies and how they are implemented will be more reflective of and responsive to local needs, priorities, and capacities. In order to achieve this, the Human Security Survey developed by PAX, generates both data and dialogue. This placemat reflects the outcomes of large-scale quantitative research about the nature of security threats facing civilians, and the impact this has on their daily lives and their expectations for the future in Kirkuk, Iraqi Kurdistan.


  • Seventh Quarterly Report on Besieged Areas in Syria

    September 18, 2017

    Data collected during the period May - July 2017 from an extensive network of contacts on the ground shows that an estimated 821,210 Syrians are still living under siege in 34 communities in Damascus, Rural Damascus, Homs, Deir Ezzor, and Idlib governorates. Nearly 1.7 million additional people live in areas on the Siege Watch “Watchlist,” where they face siege-like conditions and are at risk of further decline. Siege Watch is published jointly by PAX and The Syria Institute.


  • Sixth Quarterly Report on Besieged Areas in Syria

    June 19, 2017

    Despite numerous United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions calling for unobstructed humanitarian access, and the creation of the International Syria Support Group’s (ISSG) Humanitarian Task Force (HTF) in February 2016 the Syrian government – and in a few cases the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and armed opposition groups (AOGs) – continue to besiege communities across Syria.The so-called nationwide “ceasefire” declared by Russia and Turkey in December has existed in name only for most besieged communities. Violence in areas including Waer, Eastern Ghouta, Damascus city, and other parts of Rural Damascus has actually escalated since it was declared. Siege Watch is published jointly by PAX and The Syria Institute. The report focuses on the period February-April 2017.


  • Fifth Quarterly Report on Besieged Areas in Syria

    March 23, 2017

    The November 2016-January 2017 period was a challenging time for Syrians trapped in besieged communities across the country. All besieged communities faced violent attacks throughout the quarter, despite a nationwide ceasefire brokered by Russia and Turkey in late December 2016. Most besieged communities were not reached with UN assistance even once. In December 2016, pro-government forces captured eastern Aleppo in a brutal assault that led to depopulation of many of the besieged neighborhoods. Three more “Watchlist” communities – al-Tal, Khan al-Shieh, and Wadi Barada – submitted to forced surrender terms during the reporting period after facing renewed attacks. Siege Watch is published jointly by PAX and The Syria Institute.


  • Fourth Quarterly Report on Besieged Areas in Syria

    December 12, 2016

    This Siege Watch report focuses on the developments in Syria from August to October 2016. reveals that an estimated 1,326,175 remain people trapped in at least 39 besieged communities across the country. During this period, the Syrian government scaled up its attacks on communities under control of the opposition. The regime´s tactic toward residents in the besieged communities shifted from “surrender or starve” to “surrender or die”. After the end of this period, the UN announced that following a “comprehensive review” it increased its estimate of Syrians under siege to 974,080. The official UN population figures for besieged areas have nearly tripled since Siege Watch began reporting in late 2015, but even these new estimates fall short of the latest Siege Watch estimate.



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