PoC Lessons Learned

  • Prioritizing the Protection of Civilians in UN Peace Operations. Analyzing the Recommendations of the HIPPO Report

    A. Gorur and L. Sharland  
    Stimson Center

    This Stimson Center’s report identifies and analyzes strategic-level recommendations in the HIPPO report that are critical to create conducive conditions for missions to prioritize the protection of civilians. ”The report draws on research at U.N. headquarters and in the field to offer recommendations for the consideration of peace operations stakeholders, including UN member states, the UN Security Council, and the UN Secretariat, in order to prioritize the protection of civilians in peace operations.”


  • The Strategic Costs of Civilian Harm. Applying Lessons from Afghanistan to Current and Future Conflicts

    C.D. Kolenda, R. Reid, C. Rogers and M. Retzius  
    Open Society Foundations

    This report examines how the U.S. military learned from its early mistakes in Afghanistan and applied lessons to mitigate civilian harm.


  • Evaluation of the Implementation and Results of Protection of Civilians Mandates in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    United Nations Office for Internal Oversight Services (OIOS)  

    Protection of civilians is one of the most important and visible areas of United Nations peacekeeping activity. The Security Council has issued mandates incorporating the requirement to protect civilians to 13 peacekeeping operations to date, including nine current missions. This OIOS evaluation examined the implementation and results of protection of civilians mandates in eight peacekeeping missions holding those mandates as at 31 July 2013.


  • Protecting Civilians in the Context of UN Peacekeeping Operations. Successes, Setbacks and Remaining Challenges

    V. Holt and G. Taylor with M. Kelly  
    Study Commissioned by UN DPKO and UN OCHA

    This study examines the creation, interpretation, and implementation of mandates for United Nations peacekeeping missions to protect civilians. Commissioned jointly by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) as an independent study, its overarching objective is to produce analysis and recommendations to enhance the ability of UN peacekeeping missions to protect civilians.


  • Protection of Civilians Sites. Lessons from South Sudan for Future Operations

    C. Briggs with contributions from L. Monaghan  
    Norwegian Refugee Council

    The objective of this NRC publication is to ”examine the unique operational challenges and dilemmas associated with the POC site model, with the aim of drawing out lessons from South Sudan to help to inform future POC site responses. The publication begins by looking at the history of protected sites, from Bosnia and Rwanda in the 1990s, to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sudan in the 2000s, to South Sudan today.” The publication also looks at POC sites as we know them today.


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